Three main observations are made here to summarize the existing body of knowledge about STTS:
A Dearth of Information About Sports Travel
The lack of attention to STTS issues in the literature leaves one to ponder where STTS practitioners turn for information. The lack of information may mean that STTS practitioners may be forced to formulate their planning or operating guidelines from their own experiences or their imagination. They may also be borrowing ideas and information from existing parallel literatures such as those that address executive protection. In the existing sporting events literature, the relevant articles are almost all government-produced special events checklists and procedures for law enforcement and national security entities. Although these listings typically include suggestions for government agencies to contact and to coordinate with private security, they often fail to provide specifics.
Our own experience indicates that the details of a public/private security relationship is usually determined on a case-by-case basis with one or more government entities dictating the agency’s needs to the private sector.
Needs of Female Travelers
There are a few articles that focus on the needs of the female traveler. The most significant of which is Zsofia Bende’s (2012) thesis about the needs of traveling female intercollegiate athletes. In this article she speaks about female athletes’ special needs, like personal protection and health, in addition to the needs they share with other traveling business people.
Need to Downscale and Adapt Existing Data
Several studies by various government/national security entities provide best practices and lessons learned from past sports mega-events that experienced crises or successfully thwarted them (Connors 2007). The studies delve into every facet of special events security at the venues of major special events, but do not address the issues revolving around the travel of sports teams to or from the venue. STTS practitioners and managers will not benefit from the high-gear-only approach in these reports. They are only useful to STTS professionals who dissect and analyze the existing data and then downscale the findings to the micro-operational level of a traveling sports group, as we have done in the sections that follow.
Next: Approaches Suggested by the Literature