Future Research Needs

​During our research and review we sought to locate literature that addressed issues, lessons learned, and best practices that we believe are important to STTS. We succeeded in many of the topics of interest and found literature on topics we thought would be sparse. On the other hand, research on some of the issues we expected to be adequately covered was scarce.

From the many articles reviewed, only one researcher, Bende (2012), provided a suggestion for future STTS research. In her thesis on the regional security needs of collegiate female athletes, Bende concluded that future research could augment her work by considering the greater distances and travel time requirements for national and international sports events; she also recommended that the results of such research be distributed to the traveling athletes themselves and to the sports travel industry.

As seen in this report, there is much work for researchers to do in this area. Below are some of the subjects that researchers may need to explore:

Sports Teams and Terrorism

  • How does the threat of terrorism affect major sporting events?

  • What are proven ways for securing public agency cooperation for athletes and venues?

  • How can security practitioners reduce the impact of terrorism on athletic performance?

  • What role does the media play in threats to athletes, sporting venues, and the local community?

  • What are the interactive security issues between the local community, athletic events and security?

Relationship Between Security and Athletic Health

  • What impact does travel security have on the results of athletic events?

  • What is the role of security on the athlete's mental health?

About Athlete Travel

  • What are the best practices for travel security?
    • Teams?
    • Individual athletes?
    • Professional athletes?
    • Elite (collegiate) athletes?

  • What are the greatest threats that the athletes state they face?

  • Are there differences between the athlete's perceptions of threats and the athletic travel manager's perception of threats?

  • Do athletes worry about their security when traveling to foreign lands for international competition? What differences do they perceive between domestic and international travels?

  • What are the best practices used in the protection of athletes?

  • Are there significant differences between the security expectations of team managers and security personnel?  How do successful sports teams bridge these differences?

  • What are the practices that have been discarded as not helpful?

Mitigating Violence Against Athletes

  • Female athletes
  • Athletes in general

Other Subjects

  • Can one model serve to provide the planning tools to protect athletes? Do we need multiple models to protect athletes?

  • How do we coordinate "in stadium" (in venue) security with the potential for violence outside of the venue, such as attacks on athletes at local hotels, transportation centers or city streets?

  • What is the role of local security professionals in the pursuit of athlete security? How do their roles fit into best practices? How do we distinguish between travel security and athlete security? Is the latter a subgroup of the former or are they two different fields of study?

  • The production of a cost-benefit analysis answering such questions as: Does an STTS model produce sufficient acquired or saved revenue to justify the expenditure and if so, can this revenue stream be predicted?

  • From an interview process, what are the problems and solutions of current STTS professionals? How do we protect athletes in an ever more dangerous world of terrorism and social unrest?

Next: References